What causes gall stones and how to get rid of them?

What causes gall stones and how to get rid of them?

Many people suffer from gallstones. While it's possible to have gallstones and not know it, severe cases can lead to rupturing of the gallbladder and even death. Understanding your gallbladder and naturally supporting it with the right nutrition is imperative for good health.

What is the function of the gallbladder?

Located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen and situated beneath the liver, the gallbladder is a kidney bean-shaped organ connected to the liver by the hepatic duct. The gallbladder works as a storage facility for the approximately half a litre of bile the liver produces every day.
The cells of the intestinal walls secrete a hormone called cholecystokinin which causes the gallbladder to contract and send bile into the common bile duct.

What is the function of bile in digestion?

The gallbladder stores bile until it’s needed, generally after you consume fatty foods. Bile provides a lot of help to the enzyme lipase by breaking down fat into smaller particles and increasing the surface area of the lipids for the lipase to act upon. Bile also breaks down the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K while promoting the assimilation of fatty acids.

After the bile breaks down the fats, toxins, and dead blood cells, the mixture continues to move through the digestive system. Bile actually encourages this peristaltic action that eventually leads to a bowel movement. In this regard, bile production helps prevent constipation and supports the natural elimination of toxins. Some research suggests bile possesses antimicrobial benefits as well.

Although many people believe bowel movement color is caused by the food they eat, processed hemoglobin from the aforementioned blood cells gives bile its yellow-green hue which mixes with food to create the distinctive color of human waste.

How do gallstones develop?

Gallstones form when too much cholesterol is stored in the gallbladder. This means that poor diet is a main contributor to gallstones. However, heredity also plays role in the formation of gallstones as scientists discovered a gene that significantly affects gallstone production.

The composition of gallstones

Bile consists primarily of dissolved cholesterol, but an excess of cholesterol can lead to small, hard stones forming within the gallbladder. Stones can also be formed by excessive bilirubin or calcium salt buildup in the gallbladder, but these are commonly referred to as pigment stones. Women (especially if pregnant or elderly), Native Americans, and anyone that is overweight have a higher risk of developing gallstones.

Gallbladder removals or related operations is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. The majority of gallbladder removals are related to the onset of stones.

Gallstone symptoms

It’s common to live with stones without apparent symptoms. However, when a gallstone attack does surface, the crippling pain can last from a few minutes to a few hours or more. The pain usually starts in the abdomen and radiates to the chest, the back, and between the shoulder blades and may be accompanied by gas, heartburn, and indigestion.

If gallstones block the bile duct, the risk of infection increases. If the pain is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills, then an infection has already started. At that point, if it spreads to the liver, jaundiced skin and yellowing of the eyes are close behind.

Gallstones may also block the cystic duct and inflame the gallbladder. When this, a condition known as cholecystitis, happens, pain in the upper right abdomen and left shoulder occurs and brings on a fever. Another concern, gallstone ileus, is caused by a gallstone slipping into the small intestine and blocking entry to the large intestine. Although gallstone ileus can be corrected only by surgery, nutritional support can promote liver health.

What herbs can assist to remove or prevent gallstones?

Artichoke leaf

Artichoke leaf supports the production of bile acids and aids in the digestion of lipids as well as bile flow.
The liver is also protected by the use of artichoke leaf extract.

Chanca Piedra

With the well known Amazon rainforest plant, chanca piedra (Phyllanthus niruri), healthcare practitioners have a powerful ally in helping their patients experience optimal bladder, kidney, gallbladder, and liver health.
Chanca piedra is traditionally regarded as a health supplement that can promote the liver’s normal detoxification efforts. Note that chanca piedra may increase the effects of certain diabetic, high blood pressure, and diuretic drugs.
Do not use it if you're pregnant or nursing due to its purgative action.

Chicory root

Chicory root (Cichorium intybus) has a long and well-documented history of supporting liver health. In fact, the ancient Romans used this herb to help cleanse the blood. Similarly, ancient Egyptians were known to consume chicory root in large amounts to aid in purifying the liver and blood. Roasted chicory root is also well known as a natural, caffeine-free alternative to coffee.

Dandelion leaf or root

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a perennial herb native to North America and Europe. You may consider dandelions to be a weed, but dandelions can be effective to prevent gallstones.
Dandelion leaf helps promote bile excretion from the liver so the body can more efficiently metabolize fat. Dandelion leaf is also effective at stimulating a sluggish gallbladder, which is responsible for storing and excreting bile as the body needs it. As such, dandelion leaf is effective at promoting blood purity and lessening the burden on the liver.
Dandelion roots are known to help purify the blood and support the liver. Dandelion root also discourages excessive water retention.

Greater celandine

Celandine (Chelidonium majus) is often used to assist with liver and gallbladder cleansing. In addition, this herb discourages the accumulation of foreign particles in the liver.

Milk thistle

Studies suggest milk thistle seed (Silybum marianum) supports optimal liver function. Milk thistle seed even shows promise in stimulating the liver to produce bile for digestive function.

Peppermint leaf

Peppermint leaf (Mentha piperita) supports the flow of bile from your liver to the gallbladder. The volatile oil found in peppermint aids the overall digestive process.

Turmeric

Offering strong antioxidant effects, turmeric (Curcuma longa) helps remove toxins from the body. As a result of this antioxidant effect, your liver does not have to work as hard to filter blood and keep your body healthy. This creates a healthier liver by allowing it to focus on removing toxins from the body.

Yellow Dock Root

Yellow dock root (Rumex crispus) aids in eliminating foreign substances that can overburden the liver. Yellow dock root is also thought to be a natural remedy for include mental "fuzziness", general irritability, skin blemishes, and blood and skin disorders when they occur as a result of inhibited liver function.

What if my gallbladder has been removed?

When the gallbladder has been removed, the human body compensates for its absence. The bile duct, found on the visceral side of the liver, will increase in size to take over bile storage. Some patients experience diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, and other gastrointestinal disorders whereas others exhibit no post-surgery symptoms whatsoever.

One theory is that bile stored in the bile duct will continually "drip" into the small intestine (even when there is no food present) and cause the intestinal tract to become inflamed. The long-term effect of this irritation is that it may contribute to the onset of colon cancer.

What diet is most suitable for the gallbladder?

Since cholesterol is one of the main contributors to the development of gallstones, it makes sense to stick with a low-cholesterol diet. A diet high in fiber can help keep the gallbladder and the rest of your digestive system functioning properly. Foods best avoided include coffee, soda, milk, chocolate, meats, dairy products, and especially those high in sugar.

Can food allergies affect the gallbladder?

An allergic reaction to foods was found to cause inflammation of the biliary ducts, which in turn restricted the flow of bile and led to increased pain.
Eliminating allergy-prone foods from the diet can cause gallbladder symptoms to diminish.
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