Curcumin Phytosome 120 capsules value-size - Curcuma longa + phosphatidylcholine | Jarrow Formulas

Curcumin Phytosome 120 capsules value-size - Curcuma longa + phosphatidylcholine | Jarrow Formulas

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brand:Jarrow Formulas
brand ingredient:Meriva®
best before:July 2022
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Jarrow Formulas Curcumin Phytosome 120 capsules supports healthy inflammatory response within the normal range and protects DNA against damage by free radicals and reactive oxygen species.

Meriva®, a phytosome form of curcumin, is a patent-pending ingredient consisting of curcumin extract bound to phosphatidylcholine for increased absorption and bioavailability. Clinical studies show that it promotes joint health and flexibility.

Meriva® is a registered trademark of Indena S.p.A.

background reading

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a bright yellow spice and a traditional remedy that has been used as a medicine, condiment, and flavoring since 600 BC. The rhizome (underground stem) is the part of the plant that is harvested and ground to make the spice. The key bioactive constituents found in turmeric are three kinds of curcuminoids: curcumin, demethoxyl-curcumin, and bisdemethoxyl-curcumin. All three components are structurally similar, although curcumin seems to be the most effective constituent. Curcumin and these related curcuminoids appear to effect human health through antioxidant activity and possible modulation of 5-lipo-oxygenase (LOX) and cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzymes.

The true health potential of curcumin always has been hindered by notoriously poor oral bioavailability. This has become generally accepted in recent years with numerous studies in humans demonstrating severe absorption shortcomings, even when curcumin is consumed in large quantities. As a result, researchers have sought ways to overcome this limitation of curcumin. One particularly useful strategy employs phospholipids to produce micelles, or curcumin phytosomes, that act as protective curcumin couriers.

The Phytosome Difference
Curcuminoids show a high affinity for biological membranes but are poorly soluble in water. However, when surrounded or “complexed,” with phospholipids such as phosphatidylcholine curcuminoids become dispersible in water. Phospholipids can have this sort of self-emulsifying effect for substances that are otherwise poorly soluble in water and the digestive tract.

But the phytosomes do more than just help overcome the poor water solubility of curcumin. They also appear to directly impact absorption by shuttling the curcuminoids inside enterocytes. This occurs because cellular membranes, including intestinal enterocytes, are largely composed of phospholipids, such as the phosphatidylcholine found in the phytosomes, allowing the phytosomes to act as vesicles that can be “folded” into the cell in a process called pinocytosis or cellular captation. The absorption technology found in Jarrow Formulas’ QH-absorb® works in a similar manner.

But that’s not all. The phytosome also appears to act as a barrier to the hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation known to affect curcuminoids in the digestive tract. As one example, curcuminoids are known to undergo retro-Claisen type reactions in the digestive tract, which converts them into their dihydro- counterparts altering their activity. Another example is glucuronidation reactions known to take place during the digestive process. Phytosomes are thought to be protective here as well.

Evidence of Success
Yet the evidence for the utility of curcumin phytosomes is not merely academic. In a human bioavailability study, healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to three groups and given either 1.0 g of Meriva, 1.9 g of Meriva, or 1.8 of regular curcumin powder. The overall increase of curcuminoid absorption from Meriva was ca. 29-fold (27-fold for the low 1.0 gram group and 31-fold for the 1.9 gram) on a curcuminoid equivalents basis. These results in humans are also corroborated by a pharmacokinetic study conducted with male Wistar rats that yielded comparable absorption increases.
Blood levels aside, the biggest question is do curcumin phytosomes work? In fact, multiple human clinical studies have demonstrated just that. In one study published in 2010, Meriva was given to 25 volunteers experiencing joint discomfort, while another 25 received a placebo. After three months of daily use, the Meriva group scored significantly better on the WOMAC scale (indicating joint comfort) and showed markers indicative of a more balanced inflammatory response. These results would appear to confirm the idea that increased stability and better absorption of curcumin induced by complexation with phospholipids, has clinical relevance.

Jarrow Formulas’ Curcumin Phytosome supports a healthy inflammatory response within the normal range and protects DNA against damage by free radicals and reactive oxygen species.
Meriva® is a patent-pending ingredient consisting of curcumin and phosphatidylcholine for increased absorption and bioavailability.
Clinical studies show that it promotes joint health and flexibility.

code GTIN:
0790011140931
code MPN:
CURPH120-114093
brand :
Jarrow Formulas
brand ingredient:
  • Meriva®
best before:
July 2022
appearance:
  • v-capsules
audience :
  • senior
  • adults
  • athletes
diet:
  • vegan
  • hypo-allergenic
discounts:
  • reviewers' & VIP-exclusive
availability:
  • in stock
shipping costs:
  • €0 (NL) - €2,50+ (EU) - €15+ (world)
information:
  • free shipping >€30 (NL) or €5 discount >€30 (EU)
  • keep out of reach of young children
  • a dietary supplement is not a subsitute for a healthy diet ; do not exceed recommended dose
  • if you have a medical condition, are pregnant, lactating or trying to conceive, are under age of 18, or are taking medications, consult your health care practitioner before using this product.
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The true danger of COVID-19 vaccines : why we should avoid leaky vaccines

Two weeks ago I wrote in my blog on how I did not want a vaccine out of madness because governments won't allow the use of HCQ or ivermectin, both of which are both safe and cheap treatments against COVID-19.
However, I said to not see anything wrong in the vaccine itself. By now I've changed my mind. No, I don't actually deem mRNA vaccines to be unsafe, nor am I too worried about the very rare side-effects of clotting.

What truly spooked me is the fact these are 'leaky' vaccines, which allows viruses to still infect people despite being vaccinated. They just won't get sick, but can become hosts of viruses that may still infect unvaccinated people. Who , in the end no longer will have any other choice but to get vaccinated when a virus has mutated into a too dangerous variant.

At least this is the theory from dr Geert Vanden Bossche, a prominent virologist who spoke out against massive vaccination.

Why is the fact those vaccines are leaky so scary? Let me explain with an article on Marek's disease in chickens.

Should I get the vaccin against COVID-19 or not? On vaccines, ivermectin, paracetamol and fever 

By late April most older adults in the Netherlands will have received an invitation from the government or their physicians to get vaccinated. My own invitation came in this past week, quite a bit earlier than expected. 
 
To be honest, it took me much longer to decide than anticipated. And no, it wasn't just because of all the health scares around the AstraZeneca vaccin due to rare thrombosis incidences. 
 
In general, I'm a fan of vaccinations. As a child I received all of the vaccins that were given to us, with no questions asked.
When travelling to Brazil in 2002, I also followed the guidelines to get vaccinated against yellow fever and hepatitis B. 
 
Like most people, I've also been in awe about the speed at which vaccines were developed for COVID-19. Unlike some, I'm also not as concerned about the use of new mRNA technology to develop the Moderna and Pfizer vaccins. What does appal me though is the high cost for these vaccins, that run in to almost €20 for those high tech vaccins as opposed to just about €2 for a traditional vaccin like Oxford AstraZeneca.
What's worse is that those vaccins don't even offer absolute protection and people may be reinfected with a newer virus strain. Or they may require yearly booster vaccins. 
 
As I was pondering whether or not to get vaccinated, a Youtube video passed by in which dr. John Campbell interviewed dr. Pierre Kory. 
 

Forget about exercising to lose weight: you can't outrun a bad diet! 

A few days ago, an article showed up in my newsfood about a remarkable result of research done on the Hadza tribe in Tanzania, which still leads a traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyle. 
Despite walking an average of a multiple of ten thousands of steps every day, they barely need more calories than the average couch potato in a Western country. 
That same day I discussed with an old friend who had read the same news story. He told me how he had trained for a marathon in the past, but barely dropped any weight while doing so. Only when he spent a week on liquid foods at a spa, he succeeded in losing weight which he mostly thanks to the relaxed environment. Otherwise it was next to impossible. Apparently his body really clung to its precious body fat! 
 
But how was this possible? We didn't really know though we had our suspicions. I I could tell much about the same story. Yes, I'd drop weight pretty fast in the first few weeks of the cycling season or on a longer cycling holiday, but would get stuck at my regular (still too heavy) summer weight while I wasn't really inhaling tons of food. Except then for the Route des Cent Cols during which I could barely eat enough to stay fit and sleep well for all those mountains. 
 
Let's find out more about this particular research!
 
When Herman Pontzer set off for the rugged savannah of Tanzania to spend a summer with the local Hadza people, he thought he knew what he would find. As an evolutionary biologist, his aim was to measure how the Hadza’s hunter-gatherer lifestyle causes them to burn more energy. Because we all know the more exercise you do, the more calories you burn and the slimmer you become, right? Well no, not exactly.
Don’t expect any meaningful weight change in the long term from exercise alone.”
 
What Pontzer and his fellow researchers discovered flew in the face of received wisdom about how our metabolism works. Although the Hadza lead far more active lives than ours – routinely walking long distances, they undertake more physical activity daily than the typical American does in a week – their energy expenditure was no greater. They were burning the same number of calories as men and women from industrialised populations. Our bodies, concluded Pontzer, seem to maintain daily energy expenditure within a narrow window, no matter what lifestyle we lead. While obesity is largely caused by overconsumption, it appears there’s little we can do to change the calories we burn.
 

What's the relation between histamine and gluten intolerance?

A short while ago, I was alerted to research that is being conducted on histamine intolerance. The reason it piqued my interest was the remark on how perceived gluten intolerance may in reality be a case of histamine intolerance. The researchers that were interviewed spoke about probiotics being developed to 'cure' histamine intolerance.

Therefore, without further ado, an explanation on what histamine intolerance really is.

What is histamine?

Histamine is an extremely important bioactive chemical that is indispensable in the efficient functioning of many body systems. It is a neurotransmitter and is involved in the regulation of stomach acid, the permeability of blood vessels, muscle contraction, and brain function.
In humans, the highest histamine concentrations are found in the skin, lung, and stomach, with smaller amounts in the brain and heart.

Histamine is also essential in defending the body against invasion by potentially disease-causing agents such as bacteria, viruses and other foreign bodies.

Histamine is made and stored within white blood cells such as mast cells.
When the immune system is activated in response to foreign material entering the body, histamine is the first "defense chemical", or more correctly, inflammatory mediator released in the process called inflammation. Inflammation is the clinical evidence that the immune system is responding to a potential threat to the body. Histamine is always present when inflammation occurs, and excess histamine will result in symptoms that resemble inflammation.

In addition to its role in controlling vital body processes and defending against foreign invaders, histamine is a key mediator in the symptoms of an allergic reaction. Since allergy is essentially an inflammatory reaction, histamine, together with other protective inflammatory mediators is released in response to the allergen.
Allergens are components of living cells that in themselves are harmless, such as plant pollens, animal dander, mould spores, dust particles, dust mites, and foods. An allergic reaction to these "foreign but harmless" substances occurs when the immune system mistakes these innocuous materials for a potential threat.

Are eggs good or bad for diabetes?

Outside COVID-19 very little health news catches the attention of newspapers, unless it is something out of the ordinary.

One such news item was the result from an observational study among Chinese citizens of whom it was reported how those eating more eggs had a higher risk of diabetes 2.

Oh boy, here we go again was my first thought. First eggs were vilified due to their cholesterol content, and now that nonsense has been put to rest [link], they try to come up with another BS research. Yes, calling it BS.
Imagine, you are a notorious smoker and decide to give up smoking because your lungs are suffering and have developed COPD. Yet, it is too late and a lung tumour has been detected. Guess what? The clickbait headlines would go like "people that give up smoking, will develop lung cancer!".

That's how it works! Time and again we have to repeat: correlation is NOT the same as causation. This was an observational study, in which people were asked about their habits.
snsly
A much better research method is a clinical study in which people are meticulously followed after treatment.
Or a meta study in which several studies are lumped together and analysed.

Plastics in our body

Only fairly recently we have become aware of the dangers of plastics in our environment.
For a long time we thought these plastics would not be of any concern to us. However, invariably, most plastics end up somewhere in the environment: they sit at the bottom of the sea, mix into beach sand, and blow in the wind. They’re also inside us.

It's possible that humans may be consuming anywhere from 39 to 52 thousand microplastic particles a year. With added estimates of how much microplastic might be inhaled, that number is more than 74 thousand.
People who drink only bottled water ingest an additional 90 thousand particles.

When researchers from Johns Hopkins looked at the impact of eating seafood contaminated with microplastics, they too found the accumulated plastic could damage the immune system and upset a gut's balance.

Scientists are scrambling to understand the dose at which microplastics start to have noticeable health effects. Like air pollution or harmful construction materials, those who have more exposure or pre-existing conditions may be less able to tolerate plastic.

Low-dose radiation therapy 

Last week I listened to a Dutch podcast, which in general discusses news and politics, but for once, talked about low-dose radiatian therapy as a way to treat COVID-19. This made me curious enough that I wanted to find out more about this particular treatment method.

Most of us know at least one person, whos's been treated with high-dose radiation order to get rid of a malignant tumor. It is less well known that low dosages can be used as well and is used in some countries to treat inflammation disorders such as arthritis.

In general, this is met with disbelief as the official point of view is "all radiation is harmful" .

Proof to the contrary

Yet, over 3000 scientific research papers show that low dose irradiation is stimulatory and/or beneficial in a wide variety of microbes, plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates.

Zinc and HCQ

In the past few months, nearly everyone will have become familiar with the malaria drug hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and how it has been welcomed as a miracle drug, only to be set aside as being too dangerous to expose sick patients with underlying cardiovascular diseases to it.

Upon learning how HCQ is supposed to be used in this crisis, I was flabbergasted to read how HCQ was put to use by itself, as a drug on its own. True enough, HCQ is a malaria drug, but it was not just meant to be used as a curative medicin on its own for COVID-19 but as a messenger to transport the true miracle mineral, zinc into cells.
The now famous Zelenko protocol which uses HCQ , azithromycin and zinc as well as a number of other essential vitamins and minerals, was never meant to be used in hospital either, but for use by doctors on patients who had just fallen ill.

Now the researchers who discredited HCQ in the Lancet article have been debunked as having used fraudulous data in order to promote a much more expensive drug in which one of the authors had a vested interested, we think it is about time to explain a thing or two on why and how HCQ is used in combination with zinc.

Leptin, leptin resistance and SIRT1

After demand for resveratrol and pterostilbene went up considerably, due to a remark on tv by a doctor about its' effect on leptin and cardiovascular function, we got a lot of requests to explain how leptin works. 

Currently, a major topic in the field of obesity research is the link between obesity and the hormone leptin. Some evidence suggests that obese-prone individuals don’t respond to increasing leptin levels in the same way that non-obese-prone individuals do, which is the reason obesity is now being associated with possible “leptin resistance.” Scientists first discovered leptin in 1994, after years of research focused on hormones that affect body weight and calorie intake. While initially researchers believed the discovery could be used to create powerful weight loss supplements, this has never happened.

How does leptin function in the body and where does the hormone come from? Leptin interacts with areas of the brain that control hunger and eating behavior. The nickname “the starvation hormone” has been given to leptin because levels tend to plummet when someone restricts their calorie intake too much, exercises more and loses body fat. These are all factors involved in what’s called “starvation mode.”
Meanwhile, ghrelin is called a “hunger hormone” that increases your desire to eat.

At your ideal “set point weight,” fat cells produce a given amount of leptin, which maintains the internal energy balance needed for necessary cellular function and proper weight management. In most healthy adults, changes in body weight will trigger changes in leptin, causing appetite to either increase when body fat falls or decrease when body fat rises — although in some susceptible individuals this energy-balance system seems to malfunction.

There’s still a lot to learn about how leptin resistance or decreased sensitivity to leptin’s signals develops, and what can be done to prevent or reverse it. Many experts believe that eating a highly processed diet — especially while also leading a stressful and mostly sedentary lifestyle — is the perfect storm for developing leptin resistance.

Even if someone is genetically susceptible to weight gain or obesity, there’s still a lot they can do to help prevent this from happening, especially eating a nutrient-dense diet, getting enough exercise and taking steps to manage stress.

PFAS pollutants causing turmoil

In October, nearly every construction project came to a grinding halt in the Netherlands, because not a single project except the smallest ones can be completed without excessive paper work or laboratory tests.

Why? The current legal threshold for PFAS, an abbreviation for perfluorinated alkylated substances has been set extremely low until the government is able to define a proper health limit for contaminated soil so as to prevent contamination of clean soil with more heavily contaminated soil.

If cemeteries hadn't been exempt from the rule, not a single dead body could have been interred, since PFAS-chemicals , also known as 'forever chemicals' have accumulated in our bodies to an extent that exceeds the legally set threshold, which is currently as low as the lowest possible detection level.

Why is glutathione so important for your health?

Glutathione is one of the body’s most important and potent antioxidants. Antioxidants are substances that reduce oxidative stress by combating free radicals in the body.

While most antioxidants are found in the foods you eat, glutathione is produced by your body. It is primarily made up of three amino acids: glutamine, glycine and cysteine.
There are a number of reasons why your body’s glutathione level may become depleted, including poor diet, chronic disease, infection and constant stress.
Glutathione is also known to decrease with age.

Maintaining adequate levels of this antioxidant is incredibly important. Below are some of the best ways to increase your glutathione levels naturally.

What causes gall stones and how to get rid of them?

Many people suffer from gallstones. While it's possible to have gallstones and not know it, severe cases can lead to rupturing of the gallbladder and even death. Understanding your gallbladder and naturally supporting it with the right nutrition is imperative for good health.

Should I worry about my cholesterol levels?

Recently, new guidelines were introduced for what is deemed to be a healthy cholesterol level. While formerly, it was adviced to introduce cholesterol lowering drugs when your 'bad' cholesterol level amounted to over 2.5 mmol/litre, that number now dropped to 1.8.
This big drop will probably result in a vast increase of people that are being administered cholesterol lowering drugs.

But what if I told you, cholesterol is a poor marker for heart health?

For decades, cholesterol testing has served as that warning for many. An elevated level of "bad" LDL cholesterol has been just the warning people needed to change their ways. It has played that role for several reasons. People like tests because the results seem objective. Reliable measurement of cholesterol is easy and relatively inexpensive. It makes sense biologically. LDL cholesterol, a protein-wrapped package containing fat and cholesterol, tends to slip out of the bloodstream and lodge in blood vessel walls, forming the plaque that leads to clots and heart attacks.

And it makes sense statistically. The correlation between lowering your LDL and lowering your chances of having a heart attack or developing other forms of heart disease is well documented. Indeed, exercise and dietary changes are good for the heart partly because they lower LDL cholesterol levels.

Why is turmeric such a magical herb?

Recently, it became once again evident how mainstream media is being manipulated by Big Pharma to scare the public away from using well-known and empirically proven supplements towards using pharmaceutical medicine.
One such health scare tactic was aimed towards the use of curcumin, which has become one of the most popular health supplements , among which to support people recovering from breast cancer.
Apparently, one effect of curcumin is that it speeds up detoxification processes in the liver, which results in medicine being broken down more easily.
In this particular health scare, that's an undesirable side-effect because tamoxifen, a frequently used post-treatment drug, is also broken down more rapidly and hence, becomes less effective at lower dosages, when combined with high dosages of curcumin.

While this was touted as proof how dangerous it is to take unproven herbal supplements, this is nothing out of the ordinary. Many other products can speed up the liver detoxification process, with the most famous of them being the mood-enhancing herb St. John's Wort.
However, there are other products that do the contrary, among which grapefruit as well as green tea , which slow down the same detoxification liver enzyme.

Some of you may not be aware yet why both turmeric and curcumin have become such popular condiments as well as food supplements. Therefore we present you a breakdown on what curcumin is about.

Phospholipids as the foundation of a healthy mind

There are many components of brain health. That is why there is such a wide range of brain supplements, which run from amino acids like acetyl-L-carnitine or herbs such as Ginkgo biloba or Bacopa monniera to fish oil and omega-3 fatty acid DHA specifically, up to to vitamin B12, and vinpocetine.

Some cognitive supplements target stress and mood.
Others power brain cells with amino acids like acetyl-L-carnitine and glutamine.
Botanicals like ginkgo biloba and vinpocetine help promote circulation in the brain.
Still other cognitive supplements like curcumin or green tea address oxidation and inflammation.

Obviously, the brain’s structural health is key to such functions as memory and cognition, including mental energy, focus, and concentration. Maintaining structural integrity includes keeping brain cells healthy: ensuring cell walls remain fluid so that they can effectively regulate nutrients coming in and waste going out, and supporting signal-transmitting chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters.

Lipids and more specifically phospholipids, are especially crucial to the health of both cell membranes and neurotransmitters.

History of conventional cancer treatments

There isn't a single person alive who hasn't experienced how a family member or loved one died because of cancer.
For myself this was most dramatically present in my mom and her sister who both developed breast tumors in the late 70s.
While my aunt chose to get treated conventionally, my mom chose the other path and went to a doctor who practiced an alternative diet-based therapy. In the end both died, my aunt of breast cancer, and my mom of a massive heart attack when her (then considered) atypical symptoms were unrecognized in hospital.
Since then I've been watching with both disgust and admiration how science has ben progressing. Disgust because conventional science kept ignoring the positive impact alternative medicine, along with diet and lifestyle can have on health. Admiration because of the major advances that have been made using ever less disruptive and dangerous approaches.

While it sometimes may seem as if cancer is a modern disease, nothing could be further from the truth. Cancer occurrences have been noted throughout history.

What are free radicals?

The body is under constant attack from oxidative stress. Oxygen in the body splits into single atoms with unpaired electrons. Electrons like to be in pairs, so these atoms, called free radicals, scavenge the body to seek out other electrons so they can become a pair. This causes damage to cells, proteins and DNA.

Free radicals are associated with human disease, including cancer, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and many others. They also may have a link to aging, which has been defined as a gradual accumulation of free-radical damage.

Substances that generate free radicals can be found in the food we eat, the medicines we take, the air we breathe and the water we drink. These substances include fried foods, alcohol, tobacco smoke, pesticides and air pollutants.

Free radicals are the natural byproducts of chemical processes, such as metabolism. Free radicals can be seen as as waste products from various chemical reactions in the cell that when built up, harm the cells of the body.

Yet, free radicals are essential to life. The body's ability to turn air and food into chemical energy depends on a chain reaction of free radicals. Free radicals are also a crucial part of the immune system, floating through the veins and attacking foreign invaders.

Why do we get the flu in winter?

Being cold doesn’t literally make you catch a cold, but it certainly seems likely how the coldest season is, as a matter of fact, the 'cold' season. Why is there a substantial increase in common colds and flus as soon as it gets cold outside?

The flu really does thrive in winter

There’s no doubt that the flu virus somehow thrives in the cold.
As it turns out, the virus is basically designed to jump from person to person when the air is cold and dry. Studies have shown that transmission rates are highest when temperature and humidity are both low. Because cold air naturally holds less water, low humidity levels are typical for winter.
Even when we make our homes comfortably warm, the air stays just as dry unless we use a humidifier.

But why do viruses thrive in cold air?

Cold air may help the flu virus survive longer outside of a human host, making it easier to linger after a cough or sneeze. And apparently the virus does a better job of circulating in low humidity.
An infected individual exhales virus encased in tiny water droplets, and those droplets evaporate more quickly if the air is dry. If the flu droplet shrinks fast enough, it can become so light that it circulates around in the air instead of falling to the ground.

Magical turmeric

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a spice grown in India and other in tropical countries in Asia . This spice has been part of religious ceremonies in India for thousands of years. Turmeric is related to ginger with which it shares some of its active ingredients.

Seize the day, crack an egg?

In the past week, a discussion started between a dietician-foodie and a paleo/fitness-foodie, who embraced eating eggs without really giving a lot of arguments. The dietician wrote a critical article (in Dutch) to show the flaws of that bold statement.

What causes muscle soreness?

Delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) is a type of pain that most will experience after doing unusual exercise for the first time. There have been several theories to as what causes muscle soreness. At first lactic acid was blamed, but lactic acids disappears quite rapidly and the time period between exercise and soreness too large.

recommended use
Take 1 capsule per day with food.
For enhanced joint protection, take 1 capsule 2 times per day or as directed by your qualified health care consultant.

contains per daily serving (1 capsule)
Meriva 500mg †
curcumin phytosome phosphatidylcholine complex (Curcuma longa, rizome with 18-22% curcuminoids)
† = Recommended Daily Intake not established

ingredients
active ingredient (curcumin phytosome phosphatidylcholine complex), filler (cellulose), anticoagulant (silicon dioxide), filler (magnesium silicate and vegetable magnesium stearate), capsule (hydroxypropylmethylcellulose)

storage
store in a cool, dry place
keep out of reach of young children

allergy information
contains no familiar allergens (wheat, gluten, soy, lupin, nuts/tree nuts, celery, mustard, sesame seeds, dairy, egg, fish/shellfish or mollusks)

vegetarians/vegans
suitable for vegetarians and vegans

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